Buy Ambrobene syrup 15mg 5ml bottle 100ml

Ambrobene syrup 15mg 5ml bottle 100ml

Condition: New product

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$18.95

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Active ingredients

Ambroxol

Release form

Syrup

Composition

100 ml of syrup contain: Active substance: Ambroxol hydrochloride 0.30 g; Auxiliary substances: Sorbitol liquid 70%, propylene glycol, raspberry flavoring, saccharin, purified water.

Pharmacological effect

Mucolytic and expectorant drug .; Ambroxol is a benzylamine - a metabolite of bromhexine. It differs from bromhexine in the absence of a methyl group and the presence of a hydroxyl group in the para-trans position of the cyclohexyl ring. Possesses sekretomotorny, sekretolitichesky and expectorant action .; After ingestion, the action occurs after 30 minutes and lasts for 6-12 hours (depending on the dose taken). Preclinical studies have shown that Ambroxol stimulates the serous cells of the glands of the bronchial mucosa. By activating cells of the ciliary epithelium and reducing the viscosity of sputum, improves mucociliary transport .; Ambroxol activates the formation of surfactant, having a direct effect on the alveolar pneumocytes of type 2 and Clara cells of the small respiratory tract .; Studies on cell cultures and in vivo animal studies have shown that Ambroxol stimulates the formation and secretion of a substance (surfactant) active on the surface of the alveoli and bronchi of the embryo and adult .; Also, in preclinical studies, the antioxidant effect of ambroxol was proved. Ambroxol when combined with antibiotics (amoxicillin, cefuroxime, erythromycin and doxycycline) increases their concentration in sputum and bronchial secretions.

Pharmacokinetics

When ingested Ambroxol is almost completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. The maximum concentration is reached within 1-3 hours after ingestion. Due to presystemic metabolism, the absolute bioavailability of ambroxol after oral administration is reduced by approximately Ouse. The resulting metabolites (such as dibromoanthranilic acid, glucuronides) are eliminated in the kidneys. Plasma protein binding is about 85% (80-90%). The half-life of plasma ranges from 7 to 12 hours. The total half-life of ambroxol and its metabolites is approximately 22 hours; Excreted mainly by the kidneys in the form of metabolites - 90%,less than 10% is displayed unchanged .; Given the high association with plasma proteins, a large volume of distribution and a slow redistribution from tissues into the blood, ambroxol is not significantly eliminated during dialysis or forced diuresis .; In patients with severe liver disease, the clearance of ambroxol is reduced by 20-40%. In patients with severely impaired renal function, the elimination half-life of ambroxol metabolites is increased. Ambroxol penetrates into the cerebrospinal fluid and through the placental barrier, and is excreted in breast milk.

Indications

Acute and chronic diseases of the respiratory tract, accompanied by a violation of the formation and discharge of sputum.

Contraindications

- Hypersensitivity to Ambroxol or to one of the excipients; - pregnancy (I term); - deficiency of sucrase / isomaltase, fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption.

Use during pregnancy and lactation

Pregnancy; Not enough data on the use of ambroxol during pregnancy. In particular, this applies to the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Studies conducted on animals did not reveal a teratogenic effect. The use of Ambrobene in pregnancy (II-III trimester) is possible only on prescription, after a thorough assessment of the risk / benefit ratio .; The period of feeding by a breast; The researches conducted on animals, have shown, that Ambroxol gets into breast milk. Due to insufficient study of the use of the drug in women during lactation, Ambrobene can only be used by a doctor, after careful assessment of the risk / benefit ratio.

Dosage and administration

The syrup should be taken after a meal using the supplied measuring cup .; Children up to 2 years old should take the Ug measuring cup (2.5 ml syrup) 2 times a day (15 mg ambroxol per day). Children from 2 to 1ml should take a measuring cup Ug (2.5 ml syrup) 3 times a day (22.5 mg ambroxol per day). Children from 6 to 12 years old should take 1 measuring cup (5 ml of syrup) 2-3 times a day (30 - 45 mg of ambroxol per day) .; Adults and children over 12 years old in the first 2-3 days of treatment should take 2 measuring cups (10 ml of syrup) 3 times a day (90 mg of ambroxol per day). With the ineffectiveness of therapy, adults can increase the dose to 4 measuring cups (20 ml of syrup) 2 times a day (120 mg of ambroxol per day). In the following days, you should take 2 measuring cups (10 ml of syrup) 2 times a day (60 mg of ambroxol per day) .; The duration of treatment is selected individually depending on the course of the disease.Do not take Ambrobene without a prescription for more than 4-5 days.; The mucolytic effect of the drug is manifested when taking a large amount of fluid. Therefore, during the treatment it is recommended to drink plenty of water.

Side effects

General disorders: Rarely (from more than 0.1% to less than 1%): allergic reactions (urticaria, skin rash, angioedema of the face, shortness of breath, itching), fever, weakness, headache .; Very rarely (less than 0.01%): anaphylactic reactions, including anaphylactic shock. ; On the part of the gastrointestinal tract: Rarely (from more than 0.1% less than 1%): nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation. ; Other: Rarely (from more than 0.1% less than 1%): dryness of the oral mucosa and respiratory tract, exanthema, rhinorrhea, dysuria.

Overdose

Symptoms; Signs of intoxication in case of ambroxol overdose were not detected. There is information about nervous excitement and diarrhea. Ambroxol is well tolerated when taken orally at a dose of up to 25 mg / kg / day. In case of severe overdose, increased salivation, nausea, vomiting, lowering blood pressure are possible. ; Treatment; Intensive care methods, such as induction of vomiting, gastric lavage, should be used only in cases of severe overdose, in the first 1-2 hours after taking the drug. Symptomatic treatment is indicated.

Interaction with other drugs

With simultaneous use of ambroxol and antitussives due to the suppression of the cough reflex, secretion stagnation may occur. Therefore, such combinations should be selected with caution .; When ambroxol and antibiotics of amoxicillin, cefuroxime, erythromycin and doxycycline are taken together, the concentration of the latter in sputum and bronchial secretions increases.

special instructions

It should not be combined with antitussive drugs that impede the excretion of sputum. In children under the age of 2 years, the use of the drug is possible only on prescription. Severely severe skin reactions, such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome and Lyell's syndrome, have been rarely observed with Ambroxol. If you change the skin or mucous membranes, you should immediately consult a doctor and stop taking the drug.Influence on ability of driving of transport and on control of cars and mechanisms is not known till now .; Caloric content is 2.6 kcal / g of sorbitol. Sorbitol can have a mild laxative effect. 1 measuring cup (5 ml of syrup) contains 2.1 g of sorbitol, which corresponds to 0.18 XE.

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